Ankle & Foot

Foot & Ankle & Possible Injuries

Ankle Arthroscopy
Ankle Fracture
Bunion Surgery
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Ankle Sprain
Common Toe Deformities

The foot and ankle in the human body work together to provide balance, stability, movement, and propulsion.

This complex anatomy consists of:

26 bones

33 joints




Blood vessels, nerves, and soft tissue


Some of the most common injuries are explained below.


Ankle and Foot Injuries

1. Ankle Arthroscopy

Ankle Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses a tiny camera and surgical tools to repair a variety of ankle conditions. 

2. Ankle Fracture

Ankle injuries are the most common sports-related injury. An ankle fracture is a break in one or more bones that make up the ankle joint. Sometimes ligaments may also be damaged.

3. Bunion Surgery

Bunion is a foot deformity that changes the shape of the foot causing the big toe to turn inward, towards the second toe leading to pain and inflammation. A bunion is caused by incorrect footwear, joint damage, arthritis, and genetic disposition.

4. Achilles Tendon Rupture

Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to heel bone. It is used when you walk, run and jump. When the Achilles tendon becomes thin, weak, or if it is not used, it may be susceptible to injury or damage.

5. Ankle Sprain

A sprain is stretching or tearing of ligaments, which connect adjacent bones in a joint and provides stability to the joint. An ankle sprain is a common injury and occurs when you roll, twist or turn your ankle in an awkward way. You can do significant damage to a ligament which may require expert care.

6. Common Toe Deformities

A toe deformity is a condition where there is misalignment of the toe bones. The most common toe deformities include hammertoe, claw toe, and mallet toe. Most toe deformities are flexible but if untreated they may become rigid and can only be treated by surgical methods. A variety of toe deformities occur in children’s feet.