Knee

The Knee & Possible Injuries

Arthroscopy of the Knee Joint
Total Knee Replacement
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
ACL Reconstruction Hamstring Tendon
ACL Reconstruction Patellar Tendon
Uni Condylar Knee Replacement
Revision Knee Replacement

The knee joint is one of the strongest and most important joints in the human body. It allows the lower leg to move relative to the thigh while supporting the body’s weight. Movements at the knee joint are essential to many everyday activities, including walking, running, sitting and standing.

Knee Injuries

1. Arthroscopy of the Knee Joint

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine.

The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient can return home on the same day.

2. Total Knee Replacement

A total knee replacement (TKR) or total knee arthroplasty is a surgery that resurfaces an arthritic knee joint with an artificial metal or plastic replacement parts called the ‘prostheses’.

3. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee. It is a strong rope like structure located in the centre of the knee running from the femur to the tibia. When this ligament tears unfortunately it doesn’t heal and often leads to the feeling of instability in the knee.

4. ACL Reconstruction Hamstring Tendon

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee. It is a strong rope like structure in the centre of the knee running from the femur to the tibia. When this ligament tears unfortunately it doesn’t heal and often leads to the feeling of instability in the knee. ACL reconstruction is a commonly performed surgical procedure and recent advances in arthroscopic surgery can now be performed with minimal incisions and low complication rates.

5. ACL Reconstruction Patellar Tendon

ACL reconstruction patellar tendon is a surgical procedure that replaces the injured ACL with a patellar tendon. A tear of this ligament can make you feel as though your knees will not allow you to move or even hold you up. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is surgery to reconstruct the torn ligament of your knee with a tissue graft. 

6. Uni Condylar Knee Replacement

This means that only a part of the knee joint is replaced through a smaller incision than would normally be used for a total knee replacement. The knee joint is made up of 3 compartments, the patellofemoral and medial and lateral compartments between the femur and tibia (i.e. the long bones of the leg). Often only one of these compartments wears out, usually the medial one. If you have symptoms and X-ray findings suggestive of this then you may be suitable for this procedure.

7. Revision Knee Replacement

This means that part or all of your previous knee replacement needs to be revised. This operation varies from very minor adjustments to massive operations replacing significant amounts of bone and hence is difficult to describe in full.